《独立宣言》开篇:人人生而平等,享有生命自由和追求幸福生活的权利

我等之见解为,下述真理不证自明:凡人生而平等,秉造物者之赐,拥诸无可转让之权利,包含生命权、自由权、与追寻幸福之权。

兹确保如此权力,立政府于人民之间,经受统治者之同意取得应有之权力;特此,无论何种政体于何时坏此标的,则人民有权改组或弃绝之,并另立新政府,本此原则,以成此型式之政权,因其影响人民之安全幸福至巨。

深思熟虑后,当得此论,即建立长久之政府,不应以无足轻重之理由改组,而基于已知之过往,世人宁可容忍积重难返之邪僻。然当连串之滥权者与篡夺者执迷不悟,迫人民屈伏于绝对专制下时,推翻此政府,是其权利,是其义务,并为未来之安稳提供新保障。

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We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal and independent; that from that equal creation they derive rights inherent and inalienable, among which are the preservation of life, and liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these ends, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just power from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government shall become destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying it’s foundation on such principles and organizing it’s power in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence indeed will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes: and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, begun at a distinguished period, and pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them to arbitrary power, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government and to provide new guards for future security.

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声明: 本文采用 BY-NC-SA 协议进行授权. 转载请注明来源: 黄杰敏的博客

6 Comments:

  1. 独立宣言,掩盖了他内在的不独立

    Firm

    2010.01.26
    9:20 下午

  2. 3+8=11
    我只是把验证的问题写在这里,我不评论你的博客内容……

    SunQ

    2010.01.26
    9:28 下午

  3. 这篇文章有点奇怪哦,你怎么写起独立宣言来了?难不成对什么事情有不满的情绪了?哈哈

    无名

    2010.01.27
    1:03 下午

  4. @无名:完全没有这个意思,只是佩服托马斯·杰弗逊在200多年前就能够把“追求幸福”高度概括进去。西方经济学一般关注人的效用,追求“福利”。

    Jamin

    2010.01.27
    5:07 下午

  5. 我擦,《独立宣言》都搞出来了···

    午夜

    2010.01.29
    9:41 上午

  6. 你没事做啊

    冲天冰鹤

    2010.01.30
    10:22 下午

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